The wood of this species is used in China in construction, cooperage, for the making of furniture, and for wood carving and turning. In Việt Nam it is also used for irrigation paddles in rice fields. Extracts of many parts of the plant (roots, wood, bark and leaves) are used in traditional Chinese medicine, while in modern times it has been exploited for the production of anti-cancer drugs such as Taxol®) which are derived from the bark and leaves. The seeds contain oils which are also extracted, but treatment is required to neutralize the poisonous alkaloids. In horticulture it has been used in bonsai and to a limited extent as a garden shrub. It is doubtful whether this species is in cultivation outside China and Việt Nam.