Pinus latteri includes the mainland populations referred to in some regional taxonomic works and Red Data Lists as Pinus merkusii. This species is regarded as endemic to the Philippines and Sumatera. The differences between the two taxa primarily involve a grass-like stage in the mainland subpopulations that is absent in the insular populations.
Tenasserim Pine is a timber tree used in SE Asia for light construction purposes. The wood is moderately hard and very resinous and only suitable for indoor applications when processed as sawn timber. Doors, window frames and flooring are common uses; some provenances can be put to veneers. Large quantities are nowadays used in the wood pulp industry, while charcoal burning is a more traditional use still current. It is also an important tree for resin tapping in some countries. In China, the resin of this species has some medicinal applications, e.g. in making ointments. This tropical pine has been introduced for afforestation in several countries in Africa, but the results have on the whole been unsatisfactory because of difficulties with raising it beyond the seedling stage in all situations where competition from other plants ('weeds') is a factor