Picea likiangensis var. likiangensis


Distributed in Bhutan, China and Tibet where the population has been reduced due to logging and grazing is affecting regeneration


Bhutan; China: S Qinghai, S & W Sichuan, NW Yunnan, SE Xizang [Tibet].

Habitat and Ecology

Both the type of the species (type locality Lijiang Shan, Yunnan) and the varieties are subalpine spruces (2900 to 4100 metres above sea-level.) of the SW Plateau of China. They are usually associated with other conifers, e.g. Abies spp., Picea brachytyla, Larix potaninii, and Tsuga spp. at the lower elevations.

Human Uses

Likiang Spruce is a timber tree used for construction, machines, poles, furniture, and wood pulp for the paper industry. The bark is used to produce tannin, resin is tapped or distilled from the wood, and the needles produce aromatic oils. In Europe and North America this species and its varieties can be found growing in arboreta and botanic gardens, as well as in large private gardens with tree collections. The correct naming to variety of these trees is often problematic

Conservation Status

Global staus

Vulnerable A2cd

Global rationale

The assessment of the species as a whole is determined by that of its most common and widespread variety, var. likiangensis, under the same criteria. There has been more than a 30% population reduction in the past 75 years (three generations) due to the impacts of logging.

Global threats

Logging has reduced this species by an estimated 30%.

Conservation Actions

The Government of China has recently imposed a logging ban in western China.