This species has previously been misidentified as Agathis macrophylla, which occurs on the three southernmost islands of Vanuatu, not on Espiritu Santo.
This species appears to be planted in or near villages on the west coast of the island. There is no evidence of logging of trees in the interior mountains and this is unlikely to happen as the trees, although large, have short boles making them less desirable for timber. Traditionally, the resin has been used for lighting and to caulk canoes, and its soot for tattoos; the bark for medicines; and the root tips for "fattening babies" (Siwatibau et al., 1998; Wheatley, 1992). Some trees are cultivated in coastal villages. Santo kauri was commercially logged by a local operator between 1995 and 1997, and the wood is much in demand. Logging is the principal threat to the species, and Corrigan et al. (2009), who work with the Vanuatu Department of Forests, present detailed recommendations for its management.