Podocarpaceae

The Southern Mesoamerica Threatened Conifer Region extends from Guatemala and Belize southwards as far as the border between Panama and Colombia. Climates vary from warm, wet subtropical and tropical in the lowlands to cool and wet in the montane areas. For the conifers, it is an area of transition with major genera such as Abies, Cupressus, Juniperus and Pinus reaching their southern most distribution and where essentially southern hemisphere genera such as Podocarpus and Prumnopitys start become increasingly more frequent. Levels of endemism are relatively low. The majority of threatened species occur in biodiverse cloud forests especially at higher elevations in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras where subpopulations tend to be small or localised. Major threats include small and large scale logging, the conversion of forests for agriculture and grazing as well as over harvesting for Christmas trees.

Taxa in the category - Podocarpaceae:

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Acmopyle sahniana J.Buchholz & N.E.Gray

Endemic to Viti Levu, the largest island in the Republic of Fiji, where it is known from 5 localities with an estimated total population of about 200 individuals Read full species entry >

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Afrocarpus mannii (Hook.) C.N.Page

Endemic to the west central African country of São Tomé and Príncipe where it occurs on a single mountain on São Tomé. Here it is threatened by deforestation. Read full species entry >

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Afrocarpus usambarensis (Pilg.) C.N.Page

Occurs in Tanzania and Kenya where it is under severe threat from illegal logging for its extremely valuable wood; fire is also a threat. Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium comosum Corner

Only found in five localities in Peninsular Malaysia where the main threats are fire and tourism Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium gracile de Laub.

Native to Malaysia but restricted to a few locations in Sabah and Sarawak where the main threat is from selective logging. Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium guillauminii J.Buchholz

One of four species of Dacrydium endemic to New Caledonia where it has an extremely restricted distribution and is Critically Endangered due to fire, tourism and flooding. Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium leptophyllum (Wasscher) de Laub.

Only found on a single mountain in Irian Jaya in Indonesia where there are less than 1000 mature individuals Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium medium de Laub.

Native to Peninsular Malaysia and north Sumatera and threatened by fire and tourism. Read full species entry >

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