Podocarpaceae

The North western Andes conifer region consists only of taxa from Podocarpus, Prumnopitys and Retrophyllum in the Podocarpaceae, with Podocarpus having the largest number of species. The family is distributed along the northern and western Andes or centred on the Guyana Shield of southern Venezuela with Podocarpus magnifolius, P. celatus, and P. tepuiensis being the only conifers that share a distribution in both the Guyana Shield and the western Andes. Most of the ca 24 species occur at mid to high elevation in tropical montane forests, often preferring the ridge vegetation of cloud forests where they form relatively small, scattered populations. Only five species have been assessed as globally threatened and three as near threatened. The region is under intense pressure from an ever-growing population which has led to the conversion of native forests for agricultural purposes, especially for coca production. Selective logging for the highly prized wood of the taller growing podocarps has significantly reduced the range of some species.

Taxa in the category - Podocarpaceae:

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Acmopyle sahniana J.Buchholz & N.E.Gray

Endemic to Viti Levu, the largest island in the Republic of Fiji, where it is known from 5 localities with an estimated total population of about 200 individuals Read full species entry >

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Afrocarpus mannii (Hook.) C.N.Page

Endemic to the west central African country of São Tomé and Príncipe where it occurs on a single mountain on São Tomé. Here it is threatened by deforestation. Read full species entry >

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Afrocarpus usambarensis (Pilg.) C.N.Page

Occurs in Tanzania and Kenya where it is under severe threat from illegal logging for its extremely valuable wood; fire is also a threat. Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium comosum Corner

Only found in five localities in Peninsular Malaysia where the main threats are fire and tourism Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium gracile de Laub.

Native to Malaysia but restricted to a few locations in Sabah and Sarawak where the main threat is from selective logging. Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium guillauminii J.Buchholz

One of four species of Dacrydium endemic to New Caledonia where it has an extremely restricted distribution and is Critically Endangered due to fire, tourism and flooding. Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium leptophyllum (Wasscher) de Laub.

Only found on a single mountain in Irian Jaya in Indonesia where there are less than 1000 mature individuals Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium medium de Laub.

Native to Peninsular Malaysia and north Sumatera and threatened by fire and tourism. Read full species entry >

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