Podocarpaceae

Direct exploitation occurs through general logging (deforestation), selective logging or the use of forest non-timber products (FNTP’s). General logging is the biggest threat to conifer species whereby forest habitats are often replaced by plantations, settlements or agricultural land. Selective logging involves the removal of individual tree species for their valuable timber, for charcoal production or fire wood. This practise is often considered to be a sustainable alternative to clear-cutting however, for every tree removed 30 more will become severely damaged because the practise of selective logging is inherently destructive. Conifers play an important role in the production of non-timber products, one example is the use of the foliage and bark of Taxus species for the production of the anti-cancer drug taxol. Although over-exploitation can lead to local extinction, the sustainable commercial and domestic use have the potential of increased incentives for forest conservation.

Fitzroya cupressoides

Fitzroya cupressoides© M.Gardner, RBGE

Taxa in the category - Podocarpaceae:

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Acmopyle sahniana J.Buchholz & N.E.Gray

Endemic to Viti Levu, the largest island in the Republic of Fiji, where it is known from 5 localities with an estimated total population of about 200 individuals Read full species entry >

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Afrocarpus mannii (Hook.) C.N.Page

Endemic to the west central African country of São Tomé and Príncipe where it occurs on a single mountain on São Tomé. Here it is threatened by deforestation. Read full species entry >

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Afrocarpus usambarensis (Pilg.) C.N.Page

Occurs in Tanzania and Kenya where it is under severe threat from illegal logging for its extremely valuable wood; fire is also a threat. Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium comosum Corner

Only found in five localities in Peninsular Malaysia where the main threats are fire and tourism Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium gracile de Laub.

Native to Malaysia but restricted to a few locations in Sabah and Sarawak where the main threat is from selective logging. Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium guillauminii J.Buchholz

One of four species of Dacrydium endemic to New Caledonia where it has an extremely restricted distribution and is Critically Endangered due to fire, tourism and flooding. Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium leptophyllum (Wasscher) de Laub.

Only found on a single mountain in Irian Jaya in Indonesia where there are less than 1000 mature individuals Read full species entry >

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Dacrydium medium de Laub.

Native to Peninsular Malaysia and north Sumatera and threatened by fire and tourism. Read full species entry >

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