Japan, Korea and Far East

Here human intrusions includes recreational activities and civil unrest. Although recreational activities can have very positive effects on biodiversity by providing much-needed income for protected areas, they can have a negative impact if not managed effectively. For example, intensive recreational facilities such as campgrounds often result in the removal of the local vegetation a fuel wood for camp fires. Because conifers are a common component in mountainous regions where they often dominate, they are particularly vulnerable to the development of winter sport activities such as ski resorts.  Over 90% of the major armed conflicts between 1950 and 2000 occurred within countries containing biodiversity hotspots, and more than 80% took place directly within hotspot areas. Civil unrest can have a serious negative impact on biodiversity.  The Việt Nam war used poisonous Agent Orange as an aerial forest defoliant in which 14% of the forest cover was affected.

Taxa in the category - Japan, Korea and Far East :

Page 1 of 2 pages  1 2 > 
 world map

blob indicating Japan, Korea and Far East	 on map

Abies koreana E.H.Wilson

Endemic to four mountains in South Korea, the population suffers a range of threats including climate change, introduced pathogens and invasive native and non-native plants Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating Japan, Korea and Far East	 on map

Picea alcoquiana (Veitch ex Lindl.) Carrière

Endemic to Japan where logging has caused a considerable reduction in the population Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating Japan, Korea and Far East	 on map

Picea koyamae Shiras.

Endemic to Central Honshu in Japan where a population of less than 1000 individuals occur on two mountains; extensive historic logging has now led to severe fragmentation Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating Japan, Korea and Far East	 on map

Picea maximowiczii Regel ex Mast.

Scattered populations on the main Japanese island of Honshu where logging and the conversion of native forest to commercial plantations are the main threats Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating Japan, Korea and Far East	 on map

Picea torano (Siebold ex K. Koch) Koehne

Endemic to Japan where the main threat is logging and the replacement of native forests with commercial plantations Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating Japan, Korea and Far East	 on map

Pinus amamiana Koidz.

Endemic to Japan where it was formerly exploited for its timber but more recently the population has been much reduced by pine wood nematodes accidentally introduced from the U.S.A. Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating Japan, Korea and Far East	 on map

blob indicating Taiwan on map

Podocarpus fasciculus de Laub.

Distributed in several islands of the Ryukyu Islands of Japan and in Taiwan; threats including selective logging and forest clearance for agricultural purposes. Read full species entry >

 world map

blob indicating Japan, Korea and Far East	 on map

Pseudotsuga japonica (Shiras) Beissn.

Endemic to south-western Japan where the main threat is deforestation in order to establishment commercial plantations Read full species entry >

Page 1 of 2 pages  1 2 >