Japan, Korea and Far East

Direct exploitation occurs through general logging (deforestation), selective logging or the use of forest non-timber products (FNTP’s). General logging is the biggest threat to conifer species whereby forest habitats are often replaced by plantations, settlements or agricultural land. Selective logging involves the removal of individual tree species for their valuable timber, for charcoal production or fire wood. This practise is often considered to be a sustainable alternative to clear-cutting however, for every tree removed 30 more will become severely damaged because the practise of selective logging is inherently destructive. Conifers play an important role in the production of non-timber products, one example is the use of the foliage and bark of Taxus species for the production of the anti-cancer drug taxol. Although over-exploitation can lead to local extinction, the sustainable commercial and domestic use have the potential of increased incentives for forest conservation.

Fitzroya cupressoides

Fitzroya cupressoides© M.Gardner, RBGE

Taxa in the category - Japan, Korea and Far East :

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Abies koreana E.H.Wilson

Endemic to four mountains in South Korea, the population suffers a range of threats including climate change, introduced pathogens and invasive native and non-native plants Read full species entry >

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Picea alcoquiana (Veitch ex Lindl.) Carrière

Endemic to Japan where logging has caused a considerable reduction in the population Read full species entry >

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Picea koyamae Shiras.

Endemic to Central Honshu in Japan where a population of less than 1000 individuals occur on two mountains; extensive historic logging has now led to severe fragmentation Read full species entry >

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Picea maximowiczii Regel ex Mast.

Scattered populations on the main Japanese island of Honshu where logging and the conversion of native forest to commercial plantations are the main threats Read full species entry >

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Picea torano (Siebold ex K. Koch) Koehne

Endemic to Japan where the main threat is logging and the replacement of native forests with commercial plantations Read full species entry >

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Pinus amamiana Koidz.

Endemic to Japan where it was formerly exploited for its timber but more recently the population has been much reduced by pine wood nematodes accidentally introduced from the U.S.A. Read full species entry >

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Podocarpus fasciculus de Laub.

Distributed in several islands of the Ryukyu Islands of Japan and in Taiwan; threats including selective logging and forest clearance for agricultural purposes. Read full species entry >

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Pseudotsuga japonica (Shiras) Beissn.

Endemic to south-western Japan where the main threat is deforestation in order to establishment commercial plantations Read full species entry >

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