The Australasian Threatened Conifer Region consists only of Australia and New Zealand. It is characterized by very high levels of endemism: of the sixty conifer species recorded only four occur outside of this Region. In New Zealand conifers are widespread and were once a major component of the forests that covered most of the country prior to Maori and European settlement. In Australia, while a few species are widespread in the more arid interior, the majority are concentrated either in wet temperate forests of Tasmania, the subtropical areas of the Great Dividing Range in New South Wales and Queensland or in the biologically diverse southwest of Western Australia. As with many countries settled by Europeans, the native vegetation of this Region has undergone significant changes and although only ten species have been assessed in one of the three IUCN categories of threat, another ten have been assessed as Near Threatened. Several more could be assessed as threatened if better information was known about their past distributions. Principal ongoing threats include continued clearance of native forests for agriculture, competition from invasive species and wildfires. Logging of native forests in both Australia and New Zealand has declined significantly in recent years and significant areas where conifers occur are within protected area systems.
This Critically Endangered Australian endemic occurs in a small area of New South Wales where the population of about 80 mature individuals face potential threats from pathogens and a decline in habitat quality. Read full species entry >